Kalamat – fish-snake
Kalamat Calabar (Calamoichthys calabaricus), or the fish-snake . – being remarkable. This fish originally from Africa (Nigeria, Cameroon) belongs to the family mnogomernyh and is one of the oldest extant fish species.
The body of Kalamita indeed reminds a serpent – strongly elongated and covered with rhomboid scales. Flattened triangular head with a large mouth equipped with teeth, completes the resemblance. Closer to the tail are from 5 to 18 dorsal spines. Pelvic fins are absent or shifted in the posterior half of the body, thus reinforcing “sleevenote” appearance of the fish body Color – from almost yellow to greenish-olive. In aquariums erpetoichthys calabaricus grow up to 40 cm long, in nature – as much as 90. These fish live 8-10 years. Continue reading
Aquarium cichlids or Cichlidae is a family of fish squad okuneobraznyh, in which more than 1,300 species, of which 600 live in aquariums and have at least 100 different color forms.
African cichlids of lake Malawi
In addition to the small species of cichlids aquarium, which will be discussed below, the larger species, like the Mozambique tilapia in Africa and the Indian etroplus, grow big, up to half a metre. Cichlids species which reach such dimensions, valuable as a food fish in their places of habitat. The body length of different species ranges from 5-70 cm In nature, they inhabit mostly freshwater, although some species live in salt water seas, easily changing environment. Some of them feed on algae, other worms, mollusks and insect larvae. Many species, growing up, become predators. Cichlids aquarium is very interesting for its color, originality of forms and complex behavior. They’re great parents and grown offspring selfless and original. So some features of the contents of these fish will be interesting for both beginners and experienced enthusiasts. Continue reading
Mysterious beast Barracuda.
Many consider the Barracuda as dangerous as sharks, piranhas and eels. Fortunately, this fish species live exclusively in tropical and subtropical waters of the World ocean, therefore we encounter very rarely.
The most ominous feature of the Barracuda – powerful lower jaw, far coming from the top. Jaws equipped with fearsome teeth: a series of small, razor-sharp canines dot the jaw outside, and inside there are several large teeth like daggers. The largest Barracuda caught by the man, was a little more than two meters long, and weighed almost 50 kg!
The great Barracuda has a reputation as a voracious predator. All the sea creatures, inferior to her in size – fish, squid, large prawns and even other Barracuda can become its prey. Usually, these evil fish lie in wait for their prey in ambush among stones, rocks or in thickets of underwater vegetation. In addition, quite often they attack shoals of small fish, gathering in small groups. If Barracuda large size – it does not need a pack and prefer to hunt alone. Continue reading