Kalamat – fish-snake
Kalamat Calabar (Calamoichthys calabaricus), or the fish-snake . – being remarkable. This fish originally from Africa (Nigeria, Cameroon) belongs to the family mnogomernyh and is one of the oldest extant fish species.
The body of Kalamita indeed reminds a serpent – strongly elongated and covered with rhomboid scales. Flattened triangular head with a large mouth equipped with teeth, completes the resemblance. Closer to the tail are from 5 to 18 dorsal spines. Pelvic fins are absent or shifted in the posterior half of the body, thus reinforcing “sleevenote” appearance of the fish body Color – from almost yellow to greenish-olive. In aquariums erpetoichthys calabaricus grow up to 40 cm long, in nature – as much as 90. These fish live 8-10 years.
The female differs from the male anal fin. She has 9 rays, and males from 12 to 14. In addition, females are somewhat fuller.
For calabaricus need an aquarium with a volume of 40 liters (preferably more). To hold and one big fish and several, although they are not gregarious. In the aquarium, you must have thickets and shelter.
Optimal water parameters for these fish are the temperature of 22-28 degrees Celsius, pH of 6-8 and a hardness of dH 5-19. Should be provided with good filtering. Aeration is not so important,because fish breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it with the surface (to make sure that they had access to surface water, to avoid continuous overgrowing).
Aquarium with fish-snakes must be sealed, because otherwise they can climb out. Emerges from the aquarium fish-snake will not die immediately and will live another 2-3 hours (and in a humid atmosphere and can stretch up to days), but better to be safe than to find fish throughout the room.
Erpetoichthys calabaricus lead a benthic life and most active in the evening and at night.
They need to be fed 2-4 times per week live or frozen food – a variety of worms, fish fillet, seafood. After a hearty lunch calabaricus love to lie in peace and quiet, digesting the eaten.
Do not be afraid or surprised if the fish refuse to eat for several days after purchase. At this time, they adapt to the new conditions and lose their appetite.
Buying erpetoichthys calabaricus . do not forget to hold a fish for a full quarantine. The fact that the vast majority of these animals come to pet shops directly from natural reservoirs. Reproduction in the aquarium is possible, but only with artificial hormonal stimulation that is understandable – very difficult and expensive.
Neighbors erpetoichthys calabaricus in the aquarium can be almost any peaceful fish, except for small (like a guppy ). Those they can take for food… On a rather large prey fish, snakes would not attack. And will generally pretend not to see her – temper are quite peaceful.
With a neighborhood fish-snakes with shrimp is not so clear. Small shrimp (like cherries) calabaricus may well try to eat. For large (like feeders) fish pose no danger.
I have repeatedly seen erpetoichthys calabaricus in aquariums with shrimp Amano. Like, no one is oppressed. But how stable such peaceful coexistence can not say. I think that can happen anymore.