Today Egypt is one of the most popular vacation places for Russians. In this country there is something to see: the ancient pyramids of Giza, temples of Luxor to explore the Nile up to Aswan where you can see a grandiose monument of Russian-Egyptian friendship of the Aswan dam. Holiday in Egypt – it is also the beauty of the red sea . which is distinguished by its abundance of colors and species of marine life.
The length of red sea is 2350 km, width 350 km (in its widest part), maximum depth reaches 3000 meters in its Central part. From a geological point of view, Red sea is located in the rift zone of the African and Arabian lithospheric plates. The rift is a deep cleft that connects the upper part of the crust by mantle. The strongest power in the rift zone has a huge impact on living organisms, including human. In the North sea has two Gulf of Suez and Aqaba. Akabsk Bay the fault is. Therefore, the depth of this Bay reaches big values (up to 1600 meters). Two bays are separated from each other by Sinai Peninsula, in the South of which is the famous resort of Sharm El-Sheikh. Continue reading
Kalamat – fish-snake
Kalamat Calabar (Calamoichthys calabaricus), or the fish-snake . – being remarkable. This fish originally from Africa (Nigeria, Cameroon) belongs to the family mnogomernyh and is one of the oldest extant fish species.
The body of Kalamita indeed reminds a serpent – strongly elongated and covered with rhomboid scales. Flattened triangular head with a large mouth equipped with teeth, completes the resemblance. Closer to the tail are from 5 to 18 dorsal spines. Pelvic fins are absent or shifted in the posterior half of the body, thus reinforcing “sleevenote” appearance of the fish body Color – from almost yellow to greenish-olive. In aquariums erpetoichthys calabaricus grow up to 40 cm long, in nature – as much as 90. These fish live 8-10 years. Continue reading
Mysterious beast Barracuda.
Many consider the Barracuda as dangerous as sharks, piranhas and eels. Fortunately, this fish species live exclusively in tropical and subtropical waters of the World ocean, therefore we encounter very rarely.
The most ominous feature of the Barracuda – powerful lower jaw, far coming from the top. Jaws equipped with fearsome teeth: a series of small, razor-sharp canines dot the jaw outside, and inside there are several large teeth like daggers. The largest Barracuda caught by the man, was a little more than two meters long, and weighed almost 50 kg!
The great Barracuda has a reputation as a voracious predator. All the sea creatures, inferior to her in size – fish, squid, large prawns and even other Barracuda can become its prey. Usually, these evil fish lie in wait for their prey in ambush among stones, rocks or in thickets of underwater vegetation. In addition, quite often they attack shoals of small fish, gathering in small groups. If Barracuda large size – it does not need a pack and prefer to hunt alone. Continue reading